私有制是 “一种相对于公有制的经济制度。在这种制度下生产资料归个人所有，或被某几个劳动者或劳动组织以外的少数人所垄断”。私有制是在特定的社会条件下产生的. 它主要目的是为了提高人们的劳动积极性, 刺激经济发展, 从而使经济效益得到提高.私有制已占各国经济的主导地位.无论银行, 保险, 通讯和制造业等都已私有化. 私有化的产生刺激了同行业的竞争更加激烈, 同时也提高了产品质量和售后服务. 然而, 如果一些重要行业比如能源, 交通, 铁路等等也全部私有化, 那将给人们的生活带来什么样的后果?
为了追求更高的利润, 私有企业的掌权人通过大量裁员, 关闭厂房已及提高产品价格等以减少费用, 尽管企业连年创造大量利润.
民众的生活又怎么样呢? 失业, 穷困潦倒, 为生计付高额费用: 电, 汽, 油, 交通……
[text in english]
What does Privatition bring to people ?
Privatisation is “a relative to the economy of public ownership system. Under such a system all the means of production under the individual, or a few workers or labor organizations outside of the monopoly of a small number of people. ” Privatisation occurs under the specific social conditions. Its main purpose is to enhance people’s work enthusiasm, stimulate economic development, so that economic efficiency is improved.
Privatisation has a dominant position of national economies. Regardless of banking, insurance, communications and manufacturing have been privatized. Privatization in the same industry stimulates the competition which becomes more fierce, at the same time the product quality and after-sales service have been improved. However, if a number of important sectors such as energy, transport, railways , ect. would also be fully privatized, what consequences would it bring to people’s lives?
In the pursuit of higher profits, the big bosses of the private enterprises will reduce costs through massive layoffs, closing plants as well as raising prices of products, although enormous profits are made year by year.
What about people’s lives? Unemployment, destitute, pay high prices of living: electricity, gas, oil, transport …….